What is heat wave?
The term “heatwave” refers to an extended period of extremely hot weather, with temperatures that are much above normal for the time of year or place. Extreme heatwaves can last for days or even weeks, and they often occur in the summer. Conditions of extreme heat, high humidity, and limited air movement are characteristic of heatwaves. Since they put extra stress on the body’s cooling systems, they increase the risk of heat-related disorders such heat exhaustion and heat stroke. As was noted in the previous comment, it is crucial to take measures to protect oneself from the high heat and to remain cool and hydrated during a heatwave. Keeping up with weather forecasts and following the advice of local authorities will help you stay safe during these times.
Heat exhaustion and heat stroke can be avoided by taking precautions during a heatwave, such as keeping cool and drinking enough of water. Some suggestions on how to keep cool and hydrated:
Drink plenty of water: Staying hydrated is essential in hot temperatures, so drink lots of water. Regularly consume water regardless of thirst. Caffeinated and alcoholic drinks both dehydrate the body, thus moderation is key.
Stay indoors: It’s best to avoid the heat of the day by spending time inside, preferably in a cool, well-ventilated building between the hours of midday and sunset. If you don’t have access to air conditioning at home, consider spending some time in a mall, library, or community center.
Use fans and cool cloths: To produce a cooling effect, use fans or portable air conditioners to move air about, and complement it with cool cloths. A wet towel applied to the forehead, neck, or wrists can also be effective in reducing body temperature.
Wear proper clothing: Dress with airy textiles like cotton that are loose fitting and light in hue. This will allow air to flow over your body, evaporating sweat and cooling you down.
Limit physical activity: Reducing excessive physical activity is especially important when the temperature outside is high. If you must work out, do it when temps are lower, such as first thing in the morning or after work.
Take cool showers or baths: Try taking a chilly shower or bath to bring down your core body temperature and find some temporary respite from the heat.
Eat hydrating foods: Hydrate your body by eating meals high in water content, such fruits and vegetables. Foods like watermelon, cucumbers, oranges, and lettuce can all help you meet your daily fluid needs.
Avoid direct sun exposure: Be in the shade as much as possible to avoid overexposure to the sun. If you must go outside, protect your skin from the sun by donning a brimmed hat, sunglasses, and sunscreen.
Keep your living space cool: Close your drapes or blinds throughout the day to filter out the sun’s heat and keep your home at a more comfortable temperature. To further decrease heat absorption, cover windows with reflective materials or add heat-reflective film to windows.
Check on vulnerable individuals: Keep a watch on the old, the young, the sick, and the newborns and children who are especially sensitive to heat-related sickness. Be sure they have plenty of water and a place to cool off if it becomes too warm.
Get medical help right away if you develop any of these signs of heat illness:
- Deprivation of Consciousness
Keep cool and drink plenty of water to avoid becoming sick from the heat by following these guidelines.
- Use the air conditioner if you have it. Opening the windows at night and closing them during the day will help you keep your home cool if you don’t have air conditioning. Air may also be moved using fans.
- Take a swim in a pool or other body of water if you have access to one. You may quench your thirst and beat the heat by doing this.
- Visit an interesting public location like a library, museum, or park. During a heat wave, this is a great way to relax and have fun.
- Make sure you keep up with the forecast. Having this information will allow you to better prepare for and survive a heatwave.